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Rebel prince

Shah Jahan

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Rebel prince

Inheritance of power and wealth in the Mughal empire was not determined through primogeniture, but by princely sons competing to achieve military successes and consolidating their power at court. This often led to rebellions and wars of succession. As a result, a complex political climate surrounded the Mughal court in Prince Khurrams formative years. In 1611 his father married Nur Jahan, the widowed daughter of an Afghan Noble. She rapidly became an important member of Emperor Jahangirs court and, together with her brother Asaf Khan, wielded considerable influence. Arjumand was Asaf Khans daughter and her marriage to Prince Khurram consolidated Nur Jahan and Asaf Khans positions at court.Court intrigues, however, including Nur Jahans decision to have her daughter from her first marriage wed Shah Jahans youngest brother Shahzada Shahryar and her support for his claim to the throne led Khurram, supported by Mahabat Khan, into open revolt against his father in 1622.The rebellion was quelled by Jahangirs forces in 1626 and Khurram was forced to submit unconditionally. Upon the death of Jahangir in 1627, Prince Khurram succeeded to the Mughal throne as Shah Jahan, King of the World, the latter title alluding to his pride in his Timurid roots and his ambitious the history. Shahanshah Shah Jahans first act as ruler was to execute his chief rivals and imprison his step mother Nur Jahan. This allowed Shan Jahan to rule without contention.


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Marriage
Administration of the Mughal Empire
Contribution to the arts
Patronage of the arts
Patron of Letters
Maritime trade
Military commander
The Master Builder
Contributions to architecture
Later life
Patron of the Arts
Columbia Encyclopedia
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