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Mumbai is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.It is the most populous city in India, most populous metropolitan area in India, and the eighth most populous city in the world, with an estimated city population of 18.4 million and metropolitan area population of 20.7 million as of 2011.Along with the urban areas, including the cities of Navi Mumbai, Thane, Bhiwandi, Kalyan, it is one of the most populous urban regions in the world.Mumbai lies on the west coast of India and has a deep natural harbour.In 2009, Mumbai was named an alpha world city.It is also the wealthiest city in India, and has the highest GDP of any city in South, West or Central Asia.The seven islands that came to constitute Mumbai were home to communities of fishing colonies.
For centuries, the islands were under the control of successive indigenous empires before being ceded to the Portuguese and subsequently to the British East India Company.During the mid18th century, Bombay was reshaped by the Hornby Vellard project, which undertook reclamation of the area between the seven islands from the sea.Along with construction of major roads and railways, the reclamation project, completed in 1845, transformed Bombay into a major seaport on the Arabian Sea.Bombay in the 19th century was characterized by economic and educational development.During the early 20th century it became a strong base for the Indian independence movement.Upon India.independence in 1947 the city was incorporated into Bombay State.In 1960, following the Samyukta Maharashtra movement, a new state of Maharashtra was created with Bombay as the capital.The city was renamed Mumbai in 1996.
2. Gateway of India
The Gateway of India is a monument built during the British Raj in Mumbai (formerly Bombay), India.It is located on the waterfront in the Apollo Bunder area in South Mumbai and overlooks the Arabian Sea.The structure is a basalt arch, 26 metres (85 feet) high.It lies at the end of Chhatrapati Shivaji Marg at the water.edge in Mumbai Harbour.It was a crude jetty used by the fishing community which was later renovated and used as a landing place for British governors and other prominent people.In earlier times, it would have been the first structure that visitors arriving by boat in Mumbai would have seen..The Gateway has also been referred to as the Taj Mahal of Mumbai, and is the city.top tourist attraction.The structure was erected to commemorate the landing of their Majesties King George V and Queen Mary at Apollo Bunder, when they visited India in 1911.Built in IndoSaracenic style, the foundation stone for the Gateway of India was laid on 31 March 1911.The final design of George Wittet was sanctioned in 1914 and the construction of the monument was completed in 1924.The Gateway was later the ceremonial entrance to India for Viceroys and the new Governors of Bombay.It served to allow entry and access to India.
3. Kanheri Caves
The Kanheri Caves constitute a group of rockcut monuments that are located north of Borivali on the western outskirts of Mumbai, India.Located within the forests of the Sanjay Gandhi National Park, the caves are 6 km from the main gate and 7 km from Borivali Station.Tourists can enter after 7 30 a.m.The Kanheri Caves demonstrate the Buddhist influence on the art and culture of India.Kanheri comes from the Sanskrit Krishnagiri, which means black mountain.They were chiseled out of a massive basaltic rock outcropping.
4. Siddhivinayak Temple
The Shree Siddhivinayak Ganapati Mandir is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shri Ganesh.It is located in Prabhadevi, Mumbai, Maharashtra.It was originally built by Laxman Vithu and Deubai Patil on November 19, 1801.Though it is one of the richest temples in Mumbai, the current generation of Patil is staying in state of despair near the temple.The temple has a small mandap (hall) with the shrine for Siddhi Vinayak (Ganesha who grants your wish).The wooden doors to the sanctum are carved with images of the Ashtavinayak (the eight manifestations of Ganesha in Maharashtra).The inner roof of the sanctum is plated with gold, and the central statue is of Ganesha.In the periphery, there is a Hanuman temple as well.
EsselWorld is an amusement park located in Gorai, Mumbai and established in 1986.The park is owned by Pan India Paryatan Pvt.Ltd.(PIPPL).EsselWorld along with its counterparts, Water Kingdom are stretched over 64 acres of land.Together, they are recognized as India Largest Amusement And Water Park as well as Asia Largest Theme Water Park.EsselWorld is the largest amusement park in the country.It draws in an estimated 1.8 million visitors annually, of which approximately 300,000 are students.
6. Prince of Wales Museum
The Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya (CSMVS), formerly Prince of Wales Museum of Western India, is the main museum in Mumbai, formerly Bombay.It was founded in the early years of the 20th century by prominent citizens of Bombay, with the help of the government, to commemorate the visit of the then prince of Wales.It is located in the heart of South Mumbai near the Gateway of India.The museum was renamed in the 1990s or early 2000s after Shivaji, the founder of Maratha Empire.The museum building is built in the IndoSaracenic style of architecture, incorporating elements of other styles of architecture like the Mughal, Maratha and Jain.The museum building is surrounded by a garden of palm trees and formal flower beds.The museum houses approximately 50,000 exhibits of ancient Indian history as well as objects from foreign lands, categorized primarily into three sections Art, Archaeology and Natural History.The museum houses Indus Valley Civilization artefacts, and other relics from ancient India from the time of the Guptas, Mauryas, Chalukyas and Rashtrakuta.
7. Global Vipassana Pagoda
The Global Vipassana Pagoda is a Meditation Hall near Gorai, Northwest of Mumbai, India.The Pagoda was inaugurated by Pratibha Patil, then President of India on 8 February 2009.It is built on donated land on a peninsula between Gorai creek and the Arabian Sea.The pagoda is to serve as a monument of peace and harmony.The Global Vipassana Pagoda has been built out of gratitude to the Buddha, his teaching and the community of monks practicing his teaching.Its traditional Burmese design is an expression of gratitude towards the country of Myanmar for preserving the practice of Vipassana.The shape of the pagoda is a copy of the Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon, Myanmar.It was built combining ancient Indian and modern technology to enable it to last for a thousand years.
8. Mahalakshmi Temple
Mahalaxmi Temple is one of the most famous temples of Mumbai situated on Bhulabhai Desai Road in Mahalaxmi area.It is dedicated to Mahalakshmi the central deity of Devi Mahatmyam.The temple was built in 1831 by Dhakji Dadaji (1760 1846), a Hindu merchant.The temple contains images of the goddesses Mahalakshmi, Mahakali and Mahasaraswati.All three images are adorned with nose rings, gold bangles and pearl necklaces.The image of Mahalakshmi is in the center shown holding lotus flowers in tandem.The compound of this temple contains several stalls that sell flower garlands and other paraphernalia used by devotees for worship and as offering.
9. Haji Ali Dargah
The Haji Ali Dargah is a mosque and dargah (tomb) located on an islet off the coast of Worli in the Southern part of Mumbai.Near the heart of the city proper, the dargah is one of the most recognisable landmarks of Mumbai.An exquisite example of IndoIslamic Architecture, associated with legends about doomed lovers, the dargah contains the tomb of Sayed Peer Haji Ali Shah Bukhari.
10. Sanjay Gandhi National Park
Sanjay Gandhi National Park (SGNP), previously Borivali National Park, is a large protected area in the northern part of suburban Mumbai city in Maharashtra State in India.It encompasses an area of 104 km2 (40 sq mi) and is surrounded on three sides by India.most populous city. It is notable as one of the major national parks existing within a metropolis limit and is one of the most visited parks in the world.The rich flora and fauna of Sanjay Gandhi National Park attracts more than 2 million visitors every year.Tourists also enjoy visiting the 2400 years old Kanheri caves sculpted out of the rocky cliffs which lie within the park.
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