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Major Wars Of 20th Century
The 20th century was dominated by wars and conflicts.
91. Mexican Drug War
Years 2006 2012 Battle deaths 83,000 The Mexican Drug War is an ongoing armed conflict between rival drug cartels fighting each other for regional control and against the Mexican government forces. The governments principal goal has been to put down the drug related violence that was raging between different drug cartels before any military intervention was made. In addition, the Mexican government has claimed that their primary focus is on dismantling the powerful drug cartels, rather than on drug trafficking prevention, which is left to U.S. functionaries.Although Mexican drug cartels, or drug trafficking organizations, have existed for several decades, they have become more powerful since the demise of Colombias Cali and Medell
92. Kivu Conflict
Years 2006 2012 Battle deaths 4,272 The Kivu conflict began as an armed conflict between the military of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (FARDC) and the Hutu Power group Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR) in 2004. The United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo also became involved in the conflict. Until March 2009, the main combatant group against the FARDC was the rebel Tutsi forces formerly under the command of Laurent Nkunda (National Congress for the Defence of the People, CNDP).CNDP is sympathetic to the Banyamulenge in Eastern Congo, an ethnic Tutsi group, and to the Tutsi dominated government of Rwanda. It was opposed by the FDLR, by the DRCs army, and by United Nations forces. (retrieved 12/12/04)
93. Yemen vs Al Quaeda
Years 2009 2012 Battle deaths 3,669 Since 2009, the government has been engaged in an armed conflict over government with the al Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP).In 2012, the armed conflict between the government of Yemen and AQAP escalated drastically. In May, the Yemeni military launched a large scale offensive in order to regain control of the areas captured by AQAP in 2011. The army, heavily supported by local tribes, pushed AQAP on the defensive and ousted the group from the captured areas, including the important port city Zinjibar. Following the intensive fighting, AQAP made a strategic shift and focused more on high profile assassinations and hit and run attacks.
94. Libyan Civil War
Years 2011 2012 Battle deaths 1,928 During 2011 Libya was engulfed in a conflict over governmental power; the incumbent leader col. Muammar Gaddafi was challenged as the wave of popular uprisings; the Arab Spring. The protests in Libya quickly evolved to an organized and armed opposition operating from the eastern city Benghazi. After a much debated resolution, resolution 1973, was passed by the Security Council of the UN a no fly zone was established. The enforcement of the no fly zone came into effect on the 17 March 2011. Despite the aerial support the Libyan rebels; the National Transitional Council (NTC) became involved in a protracted conflict with Gaddafis troops. After just short of half a years fighting the Libyan capital Tripoli came under NTCs control. Two months after that, in October 2011 Gaddafi himself was found and fatally shot. The killing of Gaddafi effectively ended the conflict in Libya.
95. Syrian civil war
Years 2011 2012 Battle deaths 15,897 The Syrian civil war, also referred to as the Syrian uprising, is an ongoing armed conflict in Syria between forces loyal to the Baath Party government and those seeking to oust it. The conflict began on 15 March 2011 with nationwide demonstrations as part of the wider protest movement known as the Arab Spring. Protesters demanded the resignation of President Bashar al Assad, as well as the end to nearly five decades of secular Baath Party rule.
96. First and Second Congo Wars
Years 1996 2006 Battle deaths 151,377 The first and second Congo Wars took place in the territory of the Democratic Republic of Congo and was one of the deadliest wars in the world since World War II. This conflict is sometimes known as Africas First World War because it at times involved armed forces from more than seven nations as well as numerous rebel groups and militias. The war started in 1996 in the aftermath of the civil war in Rwanda and was formally ended by a peace agreement in 2003. The conflict restarted again in 2006 in the Kivu provinces of northeastern DRC.The recent conflict in the Congo has been rooted in the 1994 Rwandan Genocide and related violence in Burundi which saw hundreds of thousands of Hutus flee both countries into eastern Za
97. South Yemen Coup
Years 1986 1986 Battle deaths 10,000 The earlier history of this region can be found at the entry for Hadhramaut. British influence increased among the traditional sultanates in the south and eastern portion of Yemen, historically known as the Hadhramaut after the British captured the port of Aden in 1839. It was ruled as part of British India until 1937, when Aden was made a crown colony with the remaining land designated as east Aden and west Aden protectorates. By 1965, most of the tribal states within the protectorates and the Aden colony proper had joined to form the British sponsored Federation of South Arabia. In 1965, two rival nationalist groups the Front for the Liberation of Occupied South Yemen (FLOSY) and the National Liberation Front (NLF) turned to terrorism in their struggle to control the country. In 1967, in the face of uncontrollable violence, British troops began withdrawing, Federation rule collapsed, and NLF elements took control after eliminating their FLOSY rivals. South Arabia, including Aden, was declared independent on November 30, 1967, and was renamed the Peoples Republic of South Yemen. In June 1969, a radical wing of the Marxist NLF gained power and changed the countrys name on December 1, 1970, to the Peoples Democratic Republic of Yemen (PDRY). In the PDRY, all political parties were amalgamated into the Yemeni Socialist Party (YSP), which became the only legal party. The PDRY established close ties with the Soviet Union, Red China, Cuba, and radical Palestinians.
Republic of YemenAlthough the governments of the PDRY and the YAR declared that they approved a future union in 1972, little progress was made toward unification, and relations were often strained. In 1979, simmering tensions led to fighting, which was only resolved after Arab League mediation. The goal of unity was reaffirmed by the northern and southern heads of state during a summit meeting in Kuwait in March 1979. However, that same year the PDRY began sponsoring an insurgency against the YAR. In April 1980, PDRY President Abdul Fattah Ismail resigned and went into exile. His successor, Ali Nasir Muhammad, took a less interventionist stance toward both the YAR and neighboring Oman. On January 13, 1986, a violent struggle began in Aden between Ali Nasir Muhammad and the returned Abdul Fattah Ismail and their supporters. Fighting lasted for more than a month and resulted in thousands of casualties, Ali Nasirs ouster, and Ismails death. Some 60,000 persons, including Ali Nasir and his supporters, fled to the YAR.In May 1988, the YAR and PDRY governments came to an understanding that considerably reduced tensions including agreement to renew discussions concerning unification, to establish a joint oil exploration area along their undefined border, to demilitarize the border, and to allow Yemenis unrestricted border passage on the basis of only a national identification card.In November 1989, the leaders of the YAR (Ali Abdullah Saleh) and the PDRY (Ali Salim al Baidh) agreed on a draft unity constitution originally drawn up in 1981. The Republic of Yemen (ROY) was declared on May 22, 1990. Saleh became President, and al Baidh became Vice President.
98. Sudan Government vs Militias
Years 1983 2012 Battle deaths 68,769 The civil war in Sudan is a conflict between the Sudanese Government in Sudan and several militant groups of which some (for example SPLA) strive for an independent south and some (SLA, JEM) for an independent Darfur. The war has been ongoing since the 1980ies. The conflict in Darfur intensified in 2003. UCDP Prior to independence from Britain in 1956, there was a distinct division between southern and northern Sudan. Until 1946, the two regions were administered as separate entities, with northern Sudan being governed by the British protectorate Egypt, while the British themselves administered the southern part. There were large differences between the regions, geographically and culturally, as well as developmentally. Whereas the Arab Muslim north was, and still is, more advanced, the south, which is mainly inhabited by Christian and Animist Africans, was, and continues to be, remote and underdeveloped. When the two regions came together as one country, the colonial rulers handed over power to the Moslem elite in the north, and thus began the northern domination with subsequent tension between the two regions.
99. Nicaragua Govt vs Contras
Years 1981 1990 Battle deaths 30,000 Upon assuming office in 1981, U.S. President Ronald Reagan condemned the FSLN for joining with Cuba in supporting Marxist revolutionary movements in other Latin American countries such as El Salvador. His administration authorised the CIA to begin financing, arming and training the remnants of Somozas National Guard as anti Sandinista guerrillas that were branded counter revolutionary by leftists. (contrarrevolucionarios in Spanish) This was inevitably shortened to Contras, a label the anti Communist forces chose to embrace.They operated out of camps in the neighbouring countries of Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south. The U.S. also sought to place economic pressure on Nicaragua; the Reagan administration imposed a full trade embargo, and the CIA disrupted shipping by planting underwater mines in Nicaraguas Corinto harbour, an action condemned by the World Court as illegal. As was typical in guerrilla warfare, the Contras were engaged in a campaign of economic sabotage in an attempt to combat the Sandinista government.
The armed resistance to the Sandinistas in Honduras initially called itself the Nicaraguan Revolutionary Democratic Alliance (ADREN) and was known as the 15th of September Legion. It later formed an alliance, called the Nicaraguan Democratic Force (FDN), which included other groups including MISURASATA and the Nicaraguan Democratic Union. Together, the members of these groups were generally called Contras. The Sandinistas condemned them as terrorists, and human rights organisations expressed serious concerns over reports of Contra attacks on civilians. In 1982, under pressure from Congress, the U.S. State Department declared Contra activities terrorism. The Congressional intelligence committee confirmed reports of Contra atrocities such as rape, torture, summary executions, and indiscriminate killings. After the U.S. Congress prohibited federal funding of the Contras in 1983, the Reagan administration continued to back the Contras by covertly selling arms to Iran and channelling the proceeds to the Contras (The Iran Contra affair.) When this scheme was revealed, Reagan admitted that he knew about the Iranian arms for hostages dealings but professed ignorance about the proceeds funding the Contras; for this, National Security Council aide Lt. Col. Oliver North took much of the blame.The Contra war unfolded differently in the northern and southern zones of Nicaragua. Contras based in Costa Rica operated in Nicaraguas Atlantic Coast, which is sparsely populated by indigenous groups including the Miskito, Sumu, Rama, Garifuno, and Mestizo. Unlike Spanish speaking western Nicaragua, the Atlantic Coast is predominantly English speaking and was largely ignored by the Somoza regime. The coste
100. Uganda Civil War
Years 1980 2007 Battle deaths 116,044 In February 1981, shortly after the new Obote government took office, with Paulo Muwanga as vice president and minister of defense, a former Military Commission member, Yoweri Museveni, and his armed supporters declared themselves the National Resistance Army (NRA). Museveni vowed to overthrow Obote by means of a popular rebellion, and what became known as the war in the bush began. Several other underground groups also emerged to attempt to sabotage the new regime, but they were eventually crushed. Museveni, who had guerrilla war experience with the Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (Frente de Liberta
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