Lal Bahadur Shastri was the Second Prime Minister of the Republic of India.
Shastri continued Nehrus socialist economic policies with central planning. He promoted the White Revolution a national campaign to increase the production and supply of milk by supporting the Amul milk co operative of Anand, Gujarat and creating the National Dairy Development Board. Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri, Prime Minister of India, visited Anand on 31 October 1964 for inauguration of the Cattle Feed Factory of Amul at Kanjari. As he was keenly interested in knowing the success of this co operative, spent a whole night with farmers in a village, even had dinner with a farmer discusses his wish to Mr Verghese Kurien, then the General Manager of Kaira District Co operative Milk Producers Union Ltd (Amul) to replicate this model to other parts of the country for improving the socio economic conditions of farmers. As a result of this visit, the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) was established at Anand in 1965.
While speaking on the chronic food shortages across the country, Shastri urged people to voluntarily give up one meal so that the saved food could be distributed to the affected populace. He himself motivate the countrymen to maximize the cultivation of food grains by plough the lawn in his official residence in New Delhi.Shastri hated the idea of going around with a begging bowl. So he hit upon a novel idea. He went on air to appeal to his countrymen to skip a meal a week. The response was overwhelming. Even restaurants and eateries downed the shutters on Monday evenings. Many parts of the country observe the Shastri Vrat. First he implement the system in his own family before appealing to the country men.During the 22 day war with Pakistan in 1965, On October 19, 1965, Shastri gave the seminal