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Importants Dates Of Indian History
All facts of Indian History which included ancient india,medieval india and modern India.
1. Missile Launches and Green Revolution
India has some historic significance that took place after its independence which led the country to new way of Development in field of technology and nuclear energy. The successful invention of great missiles like Prithvi (1, 2, and 3) and the powerful Agni versions made a very high place for India in international arena. Also as Indias 69% of population is still based on agriculture, there was need to enhance it and this was done by M.S.Swaminathan introducing Green revolution.
2. Babri Masjid or Mosque Case 1992
It was a very important event that happened in Indian history which taught people that how can the base of religion dispute of Hindu and Muslim in India can destroy Kindness and humanity of people. The dispute arose, as previously a Mughal emperor Mir Banki destroyed a temple of Hindu god Lord Rama and built a mosque named after Emperor Babar as Babri Masjid in the place called Ayodhya which is lord Ramas birth place. This issue was taken up strongly by Bhartiya Janata Party (B.J.P) which is a political party in India as to win in elections. But as the religious sentiments were aroused of the people, riots were created and the mosque was been demolished by the peoples itself and more than 20,000 innocent people lost their lives in this dispute which mostly included Muslims.
3. Golden Temple Assault 1984
The Golden Temple situated at Amritsar is a temple of Sikh community. The military assault that took place on the temple complex led to loss of many innocent lives and also aroused violent dispute between Indian government and the Sikh community worldwide. Thousands of Sikhs came on roads to fight back the military soldiers. This was the outcome of the Indian military operation ordered by Prime minister of India, Indira Gandhi which was known as Operation Blue Star. It took place between 3 to 8th of June in the year 1984. This was undertook to bring out Jarnial Singh Bhindranwale who was accused to start major uprising of armed weapons and kept it in the sacred place of golden temple which is objectionable. Moreover he had made his own headquarters in the temple. Afterwards the dispute remained on the hot phase which resulted in Assassination of Indira Gandhi by her own two Sikh Bodyguards.
4. Framing of Constitution 1950
Our constitution is a written one and framed by our leaders from which the main was Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar. India is known to be worlds biggest democracy. This constitution was set into force from 26th January, 1950. This was really an auspicious day for all Indians which made us proud and by which we still survive as one country in this whole diverse cultures and religions. The Indian constitution keeps us together and thats what we respect about it.
5. World War I begins 1914
World War I (WWI) was sparked by the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in 1914 and ended with the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. Find out what happened in between these momentous events in this WWI timeline.
6. The End of World War I 1918
The final Allied push towards the German border began on October 17, 1918. As the British, French and American armies advanced, the alliance between the Central Powers began to collapse. Turkey signed an armistice at the end of October, Austria Hungary followed on November 3.Germany began to crumble from within. Faced with the prospect of returning to sea, the Kiel mutinied on October 29. Within a few days, the entire city was in their control and the revolution spread throughout the country. On November 9 the Kaiser abdicated; slipping across the border into the Netherlands and exile. A German Republic was declared and peace feelers extended to the Allies. At 5 AM on the morning of November 11 an armistice was signed in a railroad car parked in a French forest near the front lines.The terms of the agreement called for the cessation of fighting along the entire Western Front to begin at precisely 11 AM that morning. After over four years of bloody conflict, the Great War was at an end.
7. Robert Clives Failed Suicide Attempt
Robert Clive arrived in India in 1744 at Madras. There he worked as an accountant for East India Company at Fort St. George. As the exotic nature of the city started to wear off, he went into depression and tried to commit suicide, but the pistol failed to go off. He survived. From a small time clerk, he went on to become the main strategist for the British rule in India starting from the battle against Siraj ud Daula. It is believed that India might not have been conquered by the British if not for this man and his luck pistol.
8. Emergency of 1975
Indira Gandhi justified the emergency of 1975 on the ground that she was trying to protect the state. The real reasons behind the emergency was that Allahabad High Court in 1975 declared Indira Gandhis election to the Lok Sabha in 1971 from the constituency of Rae Bareli as being void on the grounds of electoral malpractice. Mrs. Gandhi approached the Supreme Court of India to obtain a stay order (suspension) as regards the judgment of the Allahabad High Court. The Supreme Court ruled in her favour and granted the stay of the judgment. It stated that Mrs. Gandhi would continue to remain a member of Parliament, however, she will not be allowed to participate in parliamentary proceedings or vote on matters. The court separately stated that this would not affect Mrs. Gandhis position as Prime Minister, allowing her to participate in the proceedings of the Parliament in her capacity as Prime Minister (without a right to vote) and perform other functions as Prime Minister. The emergency was declared soon after.
There was a lot of outrage among the politically aware about the suspension of rights and the imprisonment of opposition politicians. The ?BBC World service radio was the de facto source of reliable ?news in the presence of censorship. There was immense IMF pressure on India to achieve some numbers in population control program. Thats why forced terilizations vasectomies were carried out. Men were captured from their fields and streets and taken to hospitals where vasectomies were carried out. Sanjay Gandhi was the most hated for his excesses and for his extra constitutional control over all aspects of government. It was an age of uncertainty where peopled could be sacked, arrested and even disappear somewhere, if they had the audacity to speak out their mind.The sudden withdrawal of the emergency was unexpected, but was greeted with relief in 1977.
9. Launch of First Indian Satellite
ISROs first satellite, Aryabhata, was launched on 19 April 1975 from Kapustin Yar using a Kosmos 3M launch vehicle by Russia. Developed countries around the world argued that India should first take care of its poverty and take space endeavors seriously later. It was actually a satellite that was built for the purpose of gaining experience in building and operating a satellite in space. It was built to conduct experiments in x ray astronomy, aeronomics, and solar physics. Though it worked only for four days, it set in motion various space projects over the years that took India to moon and set its eyes on mars. Aryabhata reentered the earths atmosphere 11 February 1992. The space race in reality facilitated in Indias progress as satellites gave eyes in the sky, which India successfully used for agriculture, telecommunications, educations and planning.
10. How Gurdaspur got India Kashmir
Sir Cyril Radcliffe was called to India in June of 1947 to draw the lines separating India and Pakistan. He was called on because he had never been to India before and was therefore unbiased on the lines separating the countries. He started his line from the south of Kashmir with an intention of terminating it in Rajasthan. The line arrived at a little district in Punjab called Gurdaspur. Now, Gurdaspur according to the statistics in his hands had a population of Muslim majority. Radcliffe was with strict orders that Muslim dominated areas were to be given to Pakistan and the Hindu dominated ones to India. Gurdaspur was given to India on the sole fact that giving Gurdaspur to Pakistan would create an awkward bulge into India and would not look good on maps aesthetically.
Punjab & Bengal were partitioned, being the states with almost equivalent Hindu Muslim majority, while majority of the princely states either acceded to India or Pakistan with the exceptions of Kashmir, Junagarh, Hyderabad. Kashmir decided to be a free state expecting no intervention from Pakistan or India. It was Muslim majority state, ruled by a Hindu ruler, Hari Singh. Jinnah saw him as an eyesore between himself and a bigger country. Jinnah sent his army general to capture Kashmir. Hari Singhs smaller forces were wrung by Pakistani troops. Hari Singh turned to India for help and Nehru offered to help on a condition to cede Kashmir to India.
Now comes the interesting part. Indias sole contact with Kashmir was Srinagar Airport. Indian Airforces capacity to haul in troops into Kashmir was severely limited due to inadequate infrastructure and incapability of flying in tanks. India urgently needed a road capable of handling heavy troops and machinery. The only highway road linking to Kashmir passed through Gurdaspur. Because Gurdaspur was now in Indian territory, National Highway 1 A was used by Indian Army to roll in troops, tanks and howitzers into Kashmir. Seeing the Indian troops with heavy machinery and tanks, Pakistanis quickly retreated into Pakistan and India had a decisive victory. Parts of Kashmir that Pakistan successfully occupied became the Pakistan occupied Kashmir and the other whole of J&K became a part of India. All this was possible all thank to Radcliffes decision, who did not give away Gurdaspur because it did not aesthetically please him.
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